sugar :

Keywords: sugars, mortality, sugar beverages increase mortality, jaggery sugar,Jaggery, Ayurveda, Vitamins, Cane juice,Jaggery Sugar, Muffins, Rheological characteristics, Storage studies,Advanced glycation end products, Aging, Glycation, Herbal products, Physical exercise,cancer, anticancer agents, drug targeting, drug conjugation, Warburg effect, glucose, glycoside, glucose conjugate, glycoconjugate, glufosfamide,

Summary of Abstracts:

Peanut Coffee: Enhancement of Nutritional, Physicochemical, and Sensory Characteristics in Coffee Brewed with Conventional and High-Oleic Peanut Extracts: This study investigated nutritional, physicochemical, and sensory characteristics of coffee brewed with conventional and high-oleic peanut extracts. Compared to normal coffee, peanut coffee exhibited more diverse amino acids compositions. In constituent amino acids composition, peanut coffee exhibited increased proportions of glutamic and aspartic acids but decreased phenylalanine. Peanut coffee had higher thiamin, niacin, and sugar contents, improved antioxidant capacity, and lower caffeine contents.

Sugars in diet and risk of cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study: In gender-combined analyses, added sugars were positively associated with risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma , added fructose was associated with risk of small intestine cancer and all investigated sugars were associated with increased risk of pleural cancer. In women, all investigated sugars were inversely associated with ovarian cancer. We found no association between dietary sugars and risk of colorectal or any other major cancer.

Blood Sugar: Blood sugar, or glucose, is the main sugar found in your blood. It comes from the food you eat, and is your body’s main source of energy. Your blood carries glucose to all of your body’s cells to use for energy.

KEYS TO EMBRACING AGING: FASTING BLOOD SUGAR: <100 mg/dl Blood sugar or glucose is a type of sugar that travels through the bloodstream. It comes from carbohydrate foods and acts as a basic fuel for the body. The three main types of carbohydrates in food include sugars, starches and fiber.

Sugars and risk of mortality in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study: Investigation of consumption of sugars by source showed that the positive association with mortality risk was confined only to sugars from beverages, whereas the inverse association was confined to sugars from solid foods. Conclusions: In this large prospective study, total fructose intake was weakly positively associated with all-cause mortality in both women and men, whereas added sugar, sucrose, and added sucrose intakes were inversely associated with other-cause mortality in men. In our analyses, intake of added sugars was not associated with an increased risk of mortality.

Intakes and sources of dietary sugars and their association with metabolic and inflammatory markers: Conclusion Higher intakes of sugars from non-alcoholic beverages and sugar added to tea, coffee, cereal were associated with glycaemia and inflammatory markers. Sugars from solids were not associated, irrespective of whether they were intrinsic or extrinsic. Positive associations of free sugars were largely explained by contribution of beverages to intake.

Cytoprotective and antioxidant activity studies of jaggery sugar: Sugars, often called culinary sugars (used in cooking) are an important foodstuff consumed all over the world, and are manu- factured either from sugarcane (70%) or sugar beet (30 percent). Its con- sumption remains high despite increase in synthetic sweeteners, and has become an essential nutrient in the world diet for its nutritional, sweetening and preservative properties. The antioxidant activity as evaluated by DPPH radical scaveng- ing ability, reducing power and protection to DNA damage induced by hydroxyl radicals also showed the dominant antioxidant poten- tial of the jaggery and brown sugar. The literature data on the availability of phenolic compo- nents in sugarcane juice and their antioxidant activity. From our investigation, the presence of cytoprotective and antiox- idant activity in jaggery and brown sugar may encourage their use for sweetening as well as for nutraceutical benefits.

The benefit of Indian jaggery over sugar on human health: The noncentrifugal sugar which is prepared from sugarcane juice is called as Jaggery and is known by different name in the world such as Panela, Kokuto, and Muscovado. The nutrient value of jaggery is increased while preparing with different methods from sugarcane juice. The micronutrients which are present in Jaggery have many nutritional and medicinal aspects such as its anticarcinogenic and antitoxic activity. Jaggery has proved itself better when compared with white sugar. Jaggery is known to produce heat and give instant energy to a human body.

Manufacturing Jaggery, a Product of Sugarcane, As Health Food: The preventive ability of jaggery on smoker’s smoke-induced lung lesions suggest the potential of jaggery as a protective food for workers in dusty and smoky atmosphere; even for those who are engaged in woollen industries, the wool dust clogged in the food pipe could be cleared with jaggery. Thus, jaggery helps to breathe easier and counters the pollution problems naturally. The moderate amount of calcium, phosphorous and zinc helps to maintain optimum health. It also purifies the blood, prevents rheumatic afflictions and bile disorders, and thus helps to cure jaundice. The current article briefly describes about the manufacturing process of different forms of jaggery and jaggery based products, which are most appropriate natural health food, for major portion of Indian population living in the rural areas.

Jaggery A Traditional Indian Sweetener: These traditional sweeteners are the natural mixture of sugar and molasses. If pure clarified sugarcane juice is boiled, what is left [usually possessing sucrose (65-85%)] as solid is jaggery.

Effect of replacement of sugar with jaggery on pasting properties of wheat flour, physico-sensory and storage characteristics of muffins: Jaggery (Gur) is a natural sweetener made by concentration of sugarcane juice, contains all minerals and vitamins present in sugarcane juice. Hence, it can be concluded that it is possible to replace sugar with jaggery in muffins without affecting the properties of the product.

The role of glycation in the pathogenesis of aging and its prevention through herbal products and physical exercise: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are non-enzymatic modifications of proteins or lipids after exposure to sugars. In this review, the glycation process and AGEs are introduced, and the harmful effects of AGEs in the aging process are discussed. AGEs form in hyperglycemic conditions and/or the natural process of aging. Numerous publications have demonstrated acceleration of the aging process by AGEs. Exogenous AGEs in dietary foods also trigger organ dysfunction and tissue aging. Various herbal supplements or regular physical exercise have beneficial effects on glycemic control and oxidative stress with a consequent reduction of AGE accumulation during aging. This implicates it in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications and aging. Because there are no enzymes to remove glycated products from the human body, the glycation process matches well with the theory that the accumulation of metabolic waste promotes aging.

Discovering the link between nutrition and skin aging,: Prevention is the best and most effective way to work against extrinsic skin aging effects. The best prevention strategy against the harmful action of free radicals is a well regulated lifestyle (caloric restriction, body care and physical exercise for body), with low stress conditions and a balanced nutritional diet, including anti-oxidative rich food. Many other studies that tested oral vitamin D treatment showed skin cancer prevention, which is linked to anti-aging effects. It is widely accepted that caloric restriction (CR), without malnutrition, delays the onset of aging and extends lifespan in diverse animal models including yeast, worms, flies, and laboratory rodents. A promising strategy for enhancing skin protection from oxidative stress is to support the endogenous antioxidant system, with antioxidants containing products that are normally present in the skin. Fruit and vegetables consumption may represent the most healthy and safe method in order to maintain a balanced diet and youthful appearing skin.

The total polyphenolic content and antioxidant properties of various honey and sugars: The refining process drastically diminished the quality of the sugar. The information may help to choose best carbon source for the preparation of fermented beverages with improved functional properties.

Use of Sugar on the Healing of Diabetic Ulcers: A Review: This article reviews using sugar as a treatment option in diabetic foot care and provides a guide to its appropriate use in healing foot ulcers. In addition to a clinical case study, the physiological significance and advantages of sugar are discussed. The use of sugar for wound healing is one of the earliest known methods. In premodern times, the idea that sugar can facilitate the healing of wounds has been documented. Mesopotamians were known to wash wounds with water or milk and subsequently dress them with honey or resin. Mesopotamians also documented the severity of wounds and which conditions were optimal for facilitating the rate at which the wounds would heal. In 1679, Scultetus made use of finely powdered sugar to clean wounds. Zoinin, in 1714, promoted the value of sugar for promoting wound and ulcer healing. In an already infected wound, sugar dressings play a beneficial role, in addition to lowering the aw, by reducing the pH to around 5 while causing less toxicity compared to most antiseptics. Furthermore, sugar, via hygroscopic action, can facilitate the reduction of edema in the surrounding tissues of a wound.

Biopolysaccharides for Skin Hydrating Cosmetics: Skin hydrating polysaccharides are derived from several natural sources. This biopolymer is constructed with simple sugar building blocks that are easily hydrated in an aqueous environment, thereby creating the gel structure called hydrogel or hydrocolloid. Health benefits of this biopolymer in sufficiently suppressing dryness of the skin and potentially protecting from and/or treating wrinkles of the skin acting as antiaging ingredients.

Glucose conjugation for the specific targeting and treatment of cancer: Cancers of diverse origins exhibit marked glucose avidity and high rates of aerobic glycolysis. Increased understanding of this dysfunctional metabolism known as the Warburg effect has led to an interest in targeting it for cancer therapy. One promising strategy for such targeting is glycoconjugation, the linking of a drug to glucose or another sugar.

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